❰EPUB❯ ✰ Doskonała próżnia Author Stanisław Lem – Golanvideoagency.info
The distillation of the short story driven to sarcastic perfectionPlease note that I put the original German text at the end of this review Just if you might be interested.The predicate unique fits for this collection Not taking himself seriously, blasting the conventions of the short story, Lem introduces a subtle cultural criticism in the form of satirical gems Alternatively, it can also be interpreted as a look into the soul world and the worldview of the author But that would leave less room for interpretations that can be seen as a comprehensive reckoning with the upscale literature establishment.It is necessary to differentiate whether the works to which the allusions are aimed deserve such harsh treatment The subjective taste of every single reader also plays a part in this.The most significant wound, which Lem continues to tear open with relish, are the so elevated works that alienate themselves Those are so subtle, profound and full of conclusions that one can not understand them any Because they want to escape the demands and dogmas of usual novels and want to be Unique, in a not always positive way In a sense, a parallel to modern art can be drawn, which can also be interpreted differently by everyone But not in unison as a masterpiece or, in literature, as a timeless classic.This arbitrary creative process, which does not bow to any rules, contributes much to the lousy nimbus of reading Unfortunately, especially in schools, the profound, concerning narratology inadequate works of dusty masters are preferred At universities the incomprehensible works of new luminaries raised The damage in form of lifelong aversions against reading is primarily caused by such machinations If, on the other hand, works that are fun and meshed with media such as film and computer games were read in schools, there would be readers.Lem indirectly campaigns against the vain, self conspicuous and self styled elite of the literary scene He satirizes the alleged subtlety and wisdom, revealing them in the light of cold cynicism And that is due for works that are suited for wanne be intellectuals and literary critics, but not for readers.Because crossing the line between subtle and incomprehensible should not be a guarantee for higher literary consecrations But a fundamental, serious mistake in the methodical working of the writer, which deserves no praise Bizarrely, the proponents of such controversial works regard the accessible works of trivial literature as unworthy But on the contrary, the creation of a universe, accessible to millions, deserves respect than the incomprehensible juxtaposition of allusions and artificial subtlety As well as the cultural film, the upscale literature suffers from state stunts and megalomania.Moreover, a conventional, so called trivial, writer needs lifelong reading, learning, perhaps a master s degree and perfection of skills A high literate, on the other hand, just needs unraveled, profound thoughts, which he pervades in eternal monologues, dialogues, and descriptions Imagine music or paintings made with that mentality Ruthless to the reader and the reading pleasure, he is focused on the glorification of his own intellect Being an egoist or an empath, what is harder To delight and inspire millions or just a few of questionable, egocentric minds Optimistically, the short stories can be seen as condensed directorial statements, which easily have the potential for whole novels Lem also shows the reduction of a book to its essential essence, a compelling case of reverse engineering A finger exercise for him, out of which other authors would roll to a whole novel He, on the other hand, uses it modestly for a short collection, in which his complex, multi layered wit bubbles from all sides Like the author s visionary genius, which manifests itself in the ability to dissect himself, his work and his medium with humorous detachment.Die Destillation der Kurzgeschichte zur sarkastischen Perfektion getriebenDas Pr dikat einzigartig passt f r diese Sammlung Sich selbst nicht ernst nehmend, die Konventionen der Kurzgeschichte sprengend, legt Lem eine subtile Kulturkritik in Form von satiritischen Kleinoden vor Alternativ kann man es auch als Blick in die Seelenwelt und auf die Weltsicht des Autors interpretieren Aber das w rde weniger Spielraum f r Interpretationen lassen, als es als umfassende Abrechnung mit dem gehobenen Literaturbetrieb zu sehen.Wobei zu differenzieren ist, ob die Werke, auf die die Anspielungen abzielen, eine so harte Behandlung verdient haben Da spielt auch der subjektive Geschmack eines jeden einzelnen Lesers mit hinein Die gr te Wunde, die Lem gen sslich weiter aufrei t, sind die so gehobenen Werke, die sich ihrer selbst entfremden Die so subtil, tiefsinnig und voller Anspielungen sind, dass man sie nicht mehr verstehen kann Weil sie sich den Vorgaben und Dogmen normaler Romane entziehen und mehr sein wollen Einzigartig, auf eine nicht immer positive Weise In gewissem Sinne kann eine Parallele zu moderner Kunst gezogen werden, die auch von jedem anders interpretiert werden kann Aber eben nicht unisono als Meisterwerk oder, in der Literatur, als zeitloser Klassiker.Dieser willk rliche, sich keinen Regeln beugende Schaffensprozess, tr gt viel zum schlechten Nimbus des Lesens bei Gerade in Schulen werden leider die tiefsinnigen, narratologisch ungen genden Werke verstaubter Meister bevorzugt An Universit ten die unverst ndlichen Werke neuer Koryph en erhoben Der Schaden, lebenslange Aversionen gegen das Lesen zu sch ren, wird zu guten Teilen von derartigen Machwerken verursacht W rden hingegen Werke, die Spa machen und mit Medien wie Film und Computerspielen verzahnt sind, an den Schulen gelesen werden, g be es mehr Leser.Lem zieht indirekt gegen die abgehobene, sich selbst beweihr uchernde und selbst ernannte Elite des Literaturbetriebs ins Feld Er persifliert die vermeintliche Subtilit t und Weisheit, indem er sie im Licht des kalten Zynismus offenbart Und das geb hrt den, von Intellektuellen und Literaturkritikern, aber nicht von Lesern, gesch tzten Werken.Denn die Grenze zwischen subtil und unverst ndlich zu berschreiten, sollte eigentlich kein Garant f r h here literarische Weihen sein Sondern ein gr nds tzlicher, schwerer Fehler in der methodischen Arbeitsweise des Schriftstellers, der keine Lobpreisungen verdient Bizarrerweise werden von den Bef rwortern so strittiger Werke die zug nglichen Werke der Trivialliteratur als unw rdig erachtet Dabei ist es im Gegenteil so, dass die Erschaffung eines f r Millionen zug nglichen Universums mehr Achtung verdient als die unverst ndliche Aneinanderreihung von Anspielungen und k nstlicher Subtilit t Wie auch der Kulturfilm krankt die gehobene Literatur an Standesd nkeln und Gr enwahn, die Lem ihr mit spitzer Feder auf den Kopf fallen l sst.Noch dazu braucht ein konventioneller Schriftsteller lebenslanges Lesen, Lernen, gern auch ein Masterstudium und eine Perfektion der Technik Ein Hochliterat hingegen braucht nur nicht entwirrte, tiefsinnige Gedanken, die er in ewigen Monologen, Dialogen und Beschreibungen, durchzieht Man stelle sich Malerei oder Musik vor, die nach diesem Konzept erschaffen wird Dem Leser und dem Lesespa gegen ber r cksichtslos auf die Verherrlichung seines eigenen Intellektes fokussiert Ein Egoist oder ein Empath zu sein, was ist wohl schwerer Millionen zu begeistern und zu inspirieren oder einige wenige von fragw rdiger Gesinnung Optimistischer gesehen kann man die Kurzgeschichten als komprimierte Regieanweisungen sehen, die leicht das Potential f r ganze Romane haben Lem zeigt damit auch die Reduzierung eines Romans auf seine wesentliche Essenz, ein interessanter Fall von Reverse Engineering Eine Finger bung f r ihn, die andere Autoren zu einem ganzen Roman ausw lzen w rden Er hingegen nutzt sie bescheiden f r einen kurzen Erz hlband, in dem sein komplexer, vielschichtiger Witz aus allen Seiten sprudelt Wie auch die vision re Genialit t des Autors, die sich in der F higkeit, sich selbst, sein Schaffen und sein Medium mit humorvoller Distanziertheit sezieren zu k nnen, manifestiert. And the only subterfuge the evasive Lem might still avail himself of would be a counterattack in the assertion that it was not I, the critic, but he himself, the author, who wrote the present review and added it to and made it part of A Perfect VacuumWhenever I begin a re read of a Stanislaw Lem s book I am afraid of disappointment Lem was by far the most favorite author of my youth, some 35 to 55 years ago, and I have been worrying that in re reading his works my enthusiasm may diminish for the Polish philosopher and futurologist who is best known for his incomparable science fiction books, such as Solaris I am happy to report there have been no disappointments so far and A Perfect Vacuum originally published in 1971 is one of the best books I have recently read, maybe even better than Lem s His Master s Voice which I rated with almost five stars.A full review would take too much space so let me just offer a few remarks about this impressive work A Perfect Vacuum is set up as an exercise in metafiction where Lem offers a collection of reviews of non existent books In the author s stroke of genius, the collection even includes a review of the book that contains the review how s that for advanced self referentiality On a similar note, in the review of fictitious Gigamesh Lem provides delicious satire on literary criticism that indulges in looking for non existent references after all, it is true that any reference to anything can be found anywhere if one looks hard enough Lem creates the author of Gruppenf hrer Louis XVI who writes about artificial reality of 17th century French royal court created in Argentina by SS officers who escaped Germany Any older Polish reader will immediately recognize this as satire on the so called communist government in Poland that created an artificial reality for the citizens A contemporary reader, on the other hand, may easily make a connection to the current situation when it seems that about half of all people are unable to distinguish the artificial reality of TV shows from the actual reality Another fictitious book under review, Rien du tout, ou la cons quence, pushes the meta literature to the extreme positions narration is eliminated to the extent that only pure language remains The piece also contains a hilarious passage about an author who wrote Don Quixote from the scratch and obtained exactly the same text as the one produced by Cervantes.Now about my three favorite pieces The review of De Impossibilitate Vitae, a fictitious work halfway between mathematics and total lunacy, is a playful take on probability theory the subject that I teach, by the way Lem presents the author s clear and convincing explanation that his existence is a result of chains of events so improbable that it is not at all possible for him to exist Neither is it for any other person De Selby s observations presented in The Third Policeman come to mind Non Serviam, perhaps the deepest piece in the set, reviews a book about personetics science and technology that enabled people to create personoids, sentient beings that exist as executing programs, computer models implemented in software Nevertheless they are completely real to themselves they build their culture, philosophy and even religion that seeks to embrace the Creator of their Universe Lem, as the reviewer, emphasizes the monumental moral and ethical dilemmas of those sentient creatures creators Alas he takes an easy way out and only glides over the crucial issue of the origin of self awareness Finally, in New Cosmogony Lem quotes the Nobel Prize acceptance speech of a physicist and philosopher who is one of the pioneers of a new model of cosmology Universe as a Game where the oldest civilizations are the players who apply minimax strategies to construct the laws of nature It is also here that Lem, through the fictitious physicist s words, states the audacious yet utterly brilliant thesis that the expanding Universe serves the purpose of keeping the distance between new civilizations and the existing ones, which would cleanly account for the so called Silentium Universi Physics of the Universe as a by product of sociology it is not possible not to admire the author s and the author s author s cheek Despite Lem s usual hang ups about sex, the piece Sexplosion exudes sheer hilarity with its memorable mentions of unchastity belts, sodomobiles, cybordellics, gomorcades my own translations as I read the book in its original Polish version , and many, many other vehicles of pleasure Perycalipsis is also a hoot with its spiritual masturbation, that is getting off on promises rather than releases Phenomenal stuff Great book funny yet deep and thought provoking In fact, now I love it than 45 years ago Despite my stinginess with top ratings here s the second one in just one week Maybe I am getting soft in the head faster than I think.Four and three quarter stars. As Lem explains in the introduction, the fake book review and fake acceptance lecture , as particularly exemplified by Borges s book reviews, is a micro genre suited for intellectual jokes for ideas which need than a tweet, but can t be written out unironically or in full as articles books If dry academic humor is not your thing, you probably already know from reading descriptions that you should not read this book, so I can address fellow aficionados One way to fail in this rather abstract micro genre is to tell too much since this is a genre where detail can make it worse the same way that a horror movie can be worse when it shows too much and the horror collapses into irony camp when you see the rubber monster Lem s own fakes succeed when they maintain this distance from the subject matter this is why Robinsonade , Gruppenf hrer Louis XVI , A Perfect Vacuum , You , De Impossibilitate Vitae and, De Impossibilitate Prognoscendi , and Non Serviam fail, as they try to be the works they purport to describe particularly A Perfect Vacuum and Non Serviam , but of course neither Lem nor anyone else could write them for lack of the required exceptional talent knowledge.Still, that leaves half the volume as successes, interesting and amusing Gigamesh takes Finnegan s Wake into the Wikipedia age, describing a mobster story with improbable allusive density where a single item requires several pages of lists of things it is an allusion to while it s easy enough for Lem to merely tell us that such a chapter in Gigamesh is an encoded work of classical music which comments on the events of the chapter, Lem goes one better by showing us at least 26 interpretations or allusions he is able to contrive for the word Gigamesh Sexplosion is a satire of technologizing sex which takes a left turn, leaving us in not so much a dystopia but a weirdtopia where food assumes the role played by sex, down to the pornography and moral hysteria a satire particularly pointed these days by the extent to which all sorts of sexual deviancies have been normalized but the moralizing of food seems to have hardly ever been stronger Pericalypse is a modest proposal to treat the inexhaustible emission of human culture as not an asset but info pollution, to be discouraged because every book written obscures further the best books, a viewpoint with which I have some sympathy myself Idiot proposes a psychological horror novel somewhat similar to Robinsonade in which the parents of a retarded child convince themselves he is intelligent, and perhaps he is and has been murdering and rearranging his life as convenient like most horror, in the end humans are the real monsters, as Lem has described little but facilitated communication after all U Write It is another parody like Sexplosion , but where Sexplosion criticized human tendencies towards over moralizing everything, U Write It criticizes apathy disinterest toward fine literature by the general population in describing the commercial failure of an attempt of an Oulipo like company to sell its kits for splicing together classic novels into new fanfictions the moral being, of course, that most humans are not interested in or even capable of such disrespect One has to wonder what Lem would have made of FanFiction.net is the glass half full or half empty Odysseus of Ithaca offers an inversion and image that seems like it should have been in Calvino s Invisible Cities searchers convinced that the greatest wisdom by the greatest geniuses, truly original thoughts, would be ignored and not understood as comprehensible by the general population if a lion could speak, we would not understand him and so to find treasures, they must search through sewers and insane asylums and trash cans Odysseus could have been combined nicely with Pericalypse , I think Being Inc is an update on Borges s The Lottery in Babylon , with computers what I loved most about this one was two throwaway lines Antitrust legislation in the U.S.A forbids monopolies consequently Being Inc is not the only life arranger There are its great competitors, Hedonica and the Truelife Corporation The story Culture as Mistake has as its core an interesting argument that culture can only refer to everything which is not useful or backed up by reality, and so, in the strictest and most concrete sense, all of culture is lies and mistakes.And finally, the piece Lem calls the best, and I would have to agree, the A New Cosmology Here Lem offers up an explanation for the Great Silence all our knowledge predicts countless alien civilizations but we observe not the slightest trace here nothing has changed, as modern astronomy vindicates Lem s assumptions of the commonness of planets and entire absence of signals or anomalies , and this is because the aliens have become so advanced that they have become indistinguishable from nature but here, where most speculation idiotically stops, showing that the author has not thought in the slightest bit about resource limits or competition or exponential growth or the likelihood of all aliens being consistently the same way over billions of years without the slightest deviation, Lem keeps going, suggesting that the laws of physics themselves have already been molded by the most advanced aliens in a previous multiverse as a solution to an intractable conflict in which different bubbles of physics in the multiverse try to expand erasing and eating other bubbles , where the solution hit upon by all parties independently is to fix a single common set of physics, and that we do not see the original universe but a successor, a stabler successor with physics strategically chosen to limit the ability of any alien civilization to expand or tinker with the laws especially the lightspeed limit , where the existing alien civilizations continue to remain silent hidden as they strategically continue to tweak physics like the value of certain constants while wishing to avoid tipping off competitors This is a theory of the Great Silence which is far from idiotic and quite interesting as a hard SF premise It still doesn t work, though While the multiverse part is unfalsifiable, the explanation for our current universe still makes no sense as lightspeed is not that much of a barrier and we can easily imagine expansionist strategies which make sense eg when it only takes a few million years to colonize a galaxy, if you re worried about competition, why not put Von Neumann probes around every planet to kill competitors in the womb, so to speak Astounding I was introduced to Lem through the Special Collections librarrian at UWM, as a means to formulate imaginary works which is the cornerstone of my thesis I am smitten Lem writes with a Vonnegutian goofiness, a palpable delight in his ideas Many of the works he describes sound SO interesting, but wholly impossible as realistic books Further, the theories of science and literature he puts forth are dizzying and mind altering For example, in The New Cosmogeny, Lem lays out a theory for the structuring of the universe via previous civilzations arising from a protouniverse, and that the laws of physics themselves are the creations of these socities He goes on to suggest that the laws of physics are in fact alterable by these beings , and that anomalies we see I read this as, say, black holes are the rsult of these beings changing the physics around us, or are the visual represenations of another protocivilizations physics in action AMAZING At times his writing slips into a thick, almost imperceptible jargon Nevertheless, its ideas resonate through even that prosaic haze, and startle the intellect Marvelous stuff, and definately worth the effort. In A Perfect Vacuum, Stanislaw Lem Presents A Collection Of Book Reviews Of Nonexistent Works Of Literature Works That, In Many Cases, Could Not Possibly Be Written Embracing Postmodernism S Games For Games Sake Ethos, Lem Joins The Contest With Hilarious And Grotesque Results, Lampooning The Movement S Self Indulgence And Exploiting Its MannerismsBeginning With A Review Of His Own Book, Lem Moves On To Tackles Or Create Pastiches Of The French New Novel, James Joyce, Pornography, Authorless Writing, And Dostoevsky, While At The Same Time Ranging Across Scientific Topics, From Cosmology To The Pervasiveness Of Computers The Result Is A Metafictional Tour De Force By One Of The World S Most Popular Writers I mean, yeah, I do want to read reviews of books that don t exist Why wouldn t I Simply put, Stanislaw Lem is one of the masters of science fiction Yet you can meet an endless number of SF fans who don t know his work and even find best SF books lists from seemingly respectable sources that don t include anything by him Is it because the smarter you are, the you ll appreciate in his work That risks being a nasty comment But it must be admitted that much Western SF still possesses a pulp fiction aspect, and at least some of its many readers may believe that s all there is or needs to be Is it that the further you go from Western societies, the less likely are the authors to be known Milan Kundera hails from Czechoslovakia but has broken through, as has Czeslaw Milosz, a Pole Then why not Lem, another Pole Or, for that matter, the Strugatsky brothers, who are Russian Lem himself could probably have constructed not one but half a dozen or increasingly complex and satirical reasons to account for it I can t.I bought and read this collection than five years before entering it here The reason was that I wanted to refresh my memory of the story Non Serviam, which I had first encountered in the 90s, as research for something I was considering writing I won t try to explain that, but Non Serviam is a profound meditation on artificial consciousnesses, who in this case engage in their own meditations on whether they were created or not and, if so, whether they owe anything to their creator I won t call it a masterpiece, but only because I want to avoid the need to justify through argument and evidence my use of that much overused word The book is worth obtaining simply for Non Serviam, but that isn t the only reward it contains. So if I were to try to tap into my contact MLIS degree, I would probably say that this book is recommended if you liked Pale Fire or I dunno, probably House of Leaves although it s really not the same thing or just generally anything involving writing about books that don t exist.But yeah if you only read one book of reviews of nonexistent books and that seems likely , make it this one Some of the reviews allow Lem to explore some interesting sci fi ideas that might have made good actual books or short stories, making them sort of a second hand short short story Others are a little playful and or pomo like, for example the first review, which naturally is of A Perfect Vacuum so I guess it s the exception One might be inclined to say that this book has everything crackpots and crackpots who were right, weird Robinson Crusoe pastiche, and that thing where explicitly created beings independently develop real world arguments for and against the existence of God I didn t have a good weird name for that, which kinda ruins it, I know I also think that I m 2 2 w r t using a list with a goofy unusual final element when discussing a Lem book So You know that problem in books and films where the plot hinges on the brilliance of an artist character but that character s work can t actually be shown or even described because it would shatter the illusion A collection of fake book reviews could run into the same sort of problem Unlike, say, Borge s Pierre Menard, autor del Quijote, Lem s reviews aren t just interesting as ideas or even just interesting of themselves as reviews but a few actually describe books that would be interesting to read What s , Lem has the confidence to include long excerpts from the books and the ridiculous range to do so without compromising his own works credibility The humor is mostly successful some of the broadly satirical pieces grow a little tedious but the thing that keeps the reader moving from one review to the next is Lem s ability to maintain consistent themes throughout the book while subtly varying the contexts the versions of history future in which the reviews are published in ways that provoke the reader to experience these themes fresh at every turn. A Perfect Vacuum is a peculiar text, even in the Sci Fi genre, even when considering Lem s body of work As you will know from the very beginning, it s a book of fictional scholarly reviews of various fictional works It s also a mixed bag some are extremely funny and creative, while others tend to drone on aimlessly My favorites would have to be The one about a story written strictly in a negative form this and that did not do this, this did not happen , etc , the review of a book about the mechanics of artificial consciousness, and definitely the one about Robinson Crusoe In all his works Lem s positively obsessed with our inability to connect to one another, and in Les Robinsonades this takes a very schizophrenic turn, quite similar to R.D Laing s The Divided Self.